UPDATED: October 24, 2019
I graduated from a medical school outside the UK. Can I apply in Round 1 of specialty recruitment?
As of October 6, 2019, all doctors coming from overseas and applying for work in the UK are automatically exempt from the Resident Labour Market Test (RLMT). This is because all jobs in the medical profession have been included in the UK Shortage Occupation List.
Now that IMGs are exempt from RLMT, they can now apply in Round 1 for any specialty (except Public Health) and will be assessed equally amongst UK graduates.
Just for your reference, I have kept the old answer to this question below so you can see how things have changed.
Pre-October 6, 2019 Answer: It depends.
The defining difference between Round 1 and Round 2 is whether you have unrestricted right to work in the UK. This all depends on your immigration status, not where you graduated from.
The principal here is the Resident Labour Market Test (RLMT) which basically says that no UK job should be given to an overseas national if there is a suitable candidate who is a UK or EU national. Fair enough. Countries can’t justify leaving their own citizens jobless.
So in line with this rule, Round 1 of specialty recruitment is the round where UK & EU nationals are given priority for training posts. If there are any jobs leftover from Round 1, they go to Round 1 re-advert aka Round 2 which is when IMGs who need Tier 2 work visas are given consideration.
But foreign nationals can also be considered in Round 1!
As long as they are exempt from RLMT, they will be considered on equal footing with UK & EU nationals.
Applicants exempt from the RLMT will be considered for posts alongside UK/EU/EEA nationals and other settled workers. – Medical Specialty Recruitment Handbook 2019 p51.
So who are these RLMT-exempt IMGs who have the same chance as any UK/EU medical graduate in landing a specialty training post?
I’ve summarised the guidelines below and placed the different immigration categories into 5 groups to make it easier to understand.
UK/EU/EEA/Swiss nationals and British overseas national with right to abode.
This includes those who graduated from an overseas medical school.
Foreign nationals with the following immigration status:
- Indefinite leave to remain (ILR) or settled status
- Discretionary leave to remain
- Refugee status
- UK ancestry visa
- Tier 1 (Graduate Entrepreneur)
- Tier 2 in a training post (restricted to the same country eg. if your sponsor is Health Education England, you can only apply in Round 1 to training posts in England)
- Tier 4 (Doctorate Extension Scheme) – must have completed UK Bachelors or Masters degree or currently studying and completed a minimum of 12 months towards a UK PhD
Foreign nationals who are the partner/civil partner/spouse of any of the following and do not have the restriction “No employment as a Doctor or Dentist in Training” on their visa/BRP:
- UK/EEA national who is resident in the UK
Foreign nationals who are the dependant of someone with the following immigration status/visa and do not have the restriction “No employment as a Doctor or Dentist in Training” on their visa/BRP:
- UK/EU national
- Tier 1 visa holder
- Tier 2 visa holder
- Tier 4 visa holder
- Tier 5 visa holder
- UK ancestry visa holder
Foreign nationals applying to a training post on the shortage occupation list. As of December 2018 these are the training positions on the list for the whole UK:
- Emergency medicine – CT3, ST4-7
- Psychiatry – CT1
These are the training positions on the list for Scotland only:
- Radiology – CT3, ST4-7
- Obstetrics & gynaecology – all grades
- Anaesthetics – all grades
- Paediatrics – all grades
Follow up questions
Are you sure about all this?
All the information laid out here was taken from p51-55 of the Medical Specialty Recruitment Handbook 2019. The handbook is based on the current Home Office immigration rules (correct as at August 2018) and is subject to change. If you have doubts, contact the Home Office to clarify your status.
Are there any exceptions?
You can still apply in Round 1 of GP even if you are subject to RLMT.
Who does the restriction “No employment as a Doctor or Dentist in Training” apply to?
We asked the Home Office for clarification on this. They said that the restriction applies to dependants of migrants who come to the UK through the Points-Based System (PBS). PBS covers the Tier 1 up to Tier 5 visas.
There is only one exception relevant to IMGs:
- If you are an IMG already in the UK working as a doctor in training on a different visa that allowed you to do so, and you then apply as a dependant of someone on a Tier 1-5 visa, then the restriction will not be imposed on you when you switch visa status.
This doesn’t help most IMGs. This essentially that means that if you qualified overseas and you are coming to the UK for the first time as the dependant of someone on a Tier 1, 2, 4 or 5 visa then you will have the restriction and therefore will be subject to RLMT.
What if I am subject to RLMT?
You may still be able to hit the submit button on your application in Round 1 but it might not go anywhere. Most specialties will automatically reject your online application without allowing you to reach the interview stage.
If you’re unable to get a job in Round 1, you can always submit your application in Round 1 re-advert aka Round 2 – if there is one! Competitive specialties often do not go to Round 2. Also bear in mind that even in Round 2, you still have to wait for those who are RLMT-exempt to be given jobs first.
So although it is very much possible to secure a training job even if you are subject to RLMT, this is not the case for competitive specialties. Your best chance is to be in Round 1.
But how can you gain exemption from RLMT? Well, there are ways. Read about the IMG-friendly specialties and how to gain exemption from RLMT here.
We are currently contacting the national recruitment offices to find out the statistics for Round 2. We’ve asked about the number of Round 2 vacancies for each specialty and how many visas were issued. Subscribe to be notified of the data when it’s published!